The dawn must come.

The dawn must come.

Thursday, 17 April 2014

A Diplomatic Escape is rocking Italy’s Institutions.

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, April 12th 2014.
“Beirut Interpol Section operatives, in a joint operation with Lebanese Secret Service agents, apprehended an Italian fugitive at his suite of the Intercontinental Phoenicia. The captured individual, a known frequentation of Italy’s Silvio Berlusconi, escaped Rome to Beirut right before the Appeal court of Palermo would confirm the 7 years incarceration sentence being found guilty as charged for MAFIA Criminal Association”.
That is how the very few Arab news agencies announced the fact. The story is quit different than a simple every day arrest. Let me tell you the real thing.
The man, Marcello Dell’UTRI, is indeed a very close friend to Silvio Berlusconi. He engineered the foundation of what became known as Berlusconi’s personal political party: Forza Italia, back in 1994 for three major reasons:
1)      Create an escape route for Silvio out from Juridical troubles by entering the political arena and enjoy immunity,
2)      Allow various Mafia clans (Cosa Nostra, Ndrangheta, and Camorra) exchange “favours to provide secure voting consensus against guaranteeing Berlusconi’s support through his political connections, and
3)      Organise Berlusconi’s international Business Empire financial muscles in a way to conceal the largest money-laundering machine Europe have ever known.
The grey shadows veiling his escape, include few high ranking institutional apparatus and several business (criminal) connections. Since the preliminary inquisitor’s official request to prevent the by then accused Dell’Utri from travelling, and that the relevant authorities would cancel his travelling documents (private and diplomatic passports), was totally ignored.
The best part in the story, or should I say the funniest, is yet to come. It is about why and how the Interpol order was issued.
For several months, the Italian police has been secretly investigating the owner of a trendy fish restaurant in Rome, suspected of laundering money. Having the adequate authorizations, secret agents placed several audio-visual devices all over the place. As the restaurant serves the Capital’s Jet Set clientele: politicians, movie stars, musicians, businessmen, industrials, bankers, major sports figures…etc.
Recently, the twin brother of the accused asked for an “au privé” dinner in the VIP private lounge of that restaurant. He came accompanied by another individual, later identified as Vincenzo Mancuso, and during the meal they were talking about the last details to plan the evasion of his brother (the convicted).
The police officers in charge of monitoring the interceptions were astonished to find on hand the plot, and they reported them to their superiors, whom in their turn forwarded them to the Public Prosecutor’s office. The latter ordered a new investigation to be carried out, and didn’t overlook to officially inform the competent authorities of the eminent escape of Marcello Dell’Utri. However it was a bit too late; Dell’Utri has already been fleeing away from a certain confirmation of the sentence, using his Diplomatic Passport. A document issued while he was still a Senator! No one ever drew back that passport after the first grade sentence, as the law perceives.
The interceptions brought to the light some very important issues, which I will try to summarise as follows:
Ø  Silvio Berlusconi financed the escape after approving the plan.
Ø  Marcello Dell’Utri, his twin brother, Vincenzo Mancuso and Gennaro Mokbel (all convicted in similar financial crimes related to local criminal organisations) planned to set a refuge shelter in Guinea Bissao.
Ø  The small African state’s official were favourable to host the clan, provided that they would “grease their way in” as Mokbel himself say in one of the tapes; explaining that they would “use Silvio’s offshore charity associations front to build some sandy football fields for the youth and some clinics for children, of course authorities will have their cut and we shall be granted diplomatic passports to split our week-ends between  Beirut and Guinea”.
Dell’Utri earlier said that Guinea is important because “…we shall have exclusive concessions for mining Gold, Diamond and Uranium.. Guys the possibilities there are infinite”.
Earlier today, Silvio Berlusconi said to the press: “I agreed to sent Marcello in Lebanon because Putin asked me to support Mr. Gemayyel candidacy for the coming Lebanese presidential elections”!!
This is the nucleus of the story: unscrupulous Political and Business interests strongly weaved together to make few rich adventurers richer, rendering many poor Africans much poorer. So, how many such plots invaded our countries over the years draining out our resources, and leaving behind nothing but divisions, poverty, ignorance and corruption???
Pass On The Word.

Saturday, 12 April 2014

Her Name is: Regina José Galindo!

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, April 6th 2014.
In an extreme act of protest, against the candidacy for President of Efrain Rios Montt*, a Military Coup-Man and Genocide executioner, the young Guatemalan artist produced a spot in which she, in full mourning black, dumped her bear feet in human blood leaving a bloody trail behind her walking from the Constitutional Court to the Guatemala National Palace.

She has also used her own body, in many other occasions, in political key to relive her country’s historical traumatic experiences extracted out from the 36 years horrifying Civil War from 1960 until 1996. A conflict that harvested the lives of hundreds of thousands of men, women and children; indiscriminately tortured, raped, shot or left to rot in crowded humid cells.

In one of her most expressive representations, she exposes her nude fragile body to the pressure pump water jet, normally used to disperse demonstrations, also used to torture prisoners as an interrogation technique.

Addressing the Milano University under graduates last week, she said:
“My political principles are very clear. If I have the conscience and interest about what happens in my country, my work then becomes a reflex of my life, hence is political. All life is politics and in relation with power”.
Could Regina, the 23-year-old artist activist, being an example of discipline, commitment, devotion and persistence; inspire millions of idle indifferent youngsters of her generation worming about our Middle-Eastern schools and universities?
Pass On The Word.
*Accused of committing Crimes against Humanity (for torturing and liquidating protesters and opposition activists) and Mass Genocide (of the native Maya tribes) last year and after long trial, General Montt was found guilty and definitely sentenced to 80 years in solitary confinement; in what seemed a historic verdict issued from Guatemala Supreme Court. Nevertheless, two weeks later, with no explanation whatsoever, the process was cancelled.

Reference: Laura Cherubini – Il Fatto Quotidiano.

Thursday, 10 April 2014

Horizontal Intellectuals for Vertical Democracy!*

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, April 10th 2014.
Ever since July 1952, the political trend for good governance was to promote Trust above Merit. As such, all of the administrative, bureaucratic and productive machineries fell directly into the hands of members, followers, supporters, relatives and sponsors of the newly seated ruling class: The Military Establishment.
Later on, in the sixties, the Security Forces (police, national security corps, and intelligence agencies officials) marked another trend when muscled in the political arena, acquiring most of the Governorates Mayor-ships, and almost monopolising cities and villages governing seats directly (by nominations) or indirectly (by manipulated consensus).
In no time, both trends turned into irrevocable traditions.. A forbidden TABOO, or a worshiped TOTEM. Accepted and respected, but mostly feared. That’s why they lasted about 60 years. Despite having demolished bit by bit the once well founded strong economy, unified social tissues and tolerant collective culture.
2 years ago, tens of Constitutionalists have voluntarily precipitated, in a compact horde, to form the ‘Wise-men Group’. Their assigned task was writing down a draft for a package of ‘Constitutional Reforms’ designed to convert the Rebellion’s demands into a binding National Projects.
The aim was to establish the methods and norms for “Liberty, Welfare and Social Justice” by means of a sound Participative Democracy.
However, the outcome re-enforced the foundations of Authoritarian Governance: emergency laws, tailored election norms for administrative and parliamentary elections, suppression of Juridical Authority, Media censorship, assigning followers and supporters in key institutional positions, receiving instructions and taking orders from foreign states.. All of which have aggravated the anger creating more conflicting divisions among the population, other than degenerating the economy and diffusing poverty on unprecedented large scales.
Hence, corrective measures should’ve been taken.. Hoping for better sorts, the people shouldered the NEW, unaware of hailing the resuscitation of the OLD! Once again, another ‘Wise-men Group’ (this time named the FIFTY COMMISSION) was re-assigned the drafting of an entirely New Constitution!
Nevertheless, the newborn Charter swung a fatal blow to all hopes for real Democratic Reforms. It concentrated power and authority in the hands of the President of the Republic, prolonged the use of Emergency Laws (by renaming them anti terrorism measures), centralised the administration in the nominations made by the Executive Authority, censored the Media, rendered the Legislative Authority (Parliament) a tool in the hands of the Executive Authority…Etc!!
After 3 years, our institutions have only succeeded to counterfeit Democracy. By rendering it VERTICAL, not participative, Democracy as such became not Democratic! For that, urged the necessity to engage flocks of servile HORIZONTAL intellectuals. To cheer the change, and discredit the few timid voices of opposition.
Rolling between Religious Fascism and Institutional Fascism (trafficked as Conservatives), or rocking over Vertical Democracy and Horizontal Intellectuals (galvanised as modern values); the end result is identical: we shall remain captives of the same TABOO and will worship another TOTEM.
In brief: DICTATORSHIP.
Pass On The Word.
*I borrowed the term from Marco Travaglio’s article on yesterday issue of Il Fatto Quotidiano.

Thursday, 3 April 2014

The Missing Principles!


By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, April 3rd 2014.
“No one is above the law, for all citizens have equal social dignity, and stand equally the same before the LAW”.

In modern times, most Constitutional Charts strongly embrace this principle, to set the foundations and enforce the culture for “Free Participative Democracy”. When a collectivity is fundamentally convinced, ensured and ascertained, that: “legality suits society’s interests, because the respect for rules and regulations improves the quality of living”; then the collectivity will forcefully thrust into open and active participation in shaping politics and policies of Society. That’s what “Free Participative Democracy” is all about.

BUT.. Before speeding your mind into the illusion that such a statement is well established, or even judge it banal and generic; allow me the premise of an important given fact: unfortunately, in our system, Legality and Observance of rules are two categories of which governing parameters are defined and set in/by the Constitution!!

Just ponder, only for a little while, on the relations between Justice and Legality as terms that are seldom considered synonyms; while in fact they are two different concepts. Without Legality, there can be no Justice. Since Legality by itself, cannot guarantee full Justice. On the other hand, although the Observance of norms is indispensable and binding; yet alone it does not possess the force to cross over social inequalities.

Urge then the need for something more. This something more is that the Constitution and its applicative laws, would become indisputably the main source for “turning Justice into a daily practice, capable of delivering to each citizen precisely what belongs to him; what he’s entitled to and what serves him in order to live decently. A task that needs Legality; but as well, it must involve Personal Responsibility, effort, commitment and solidarity of each individual of the entire society”.

“…it is the job of the Republic to remove all obstacles that, in their eventual limitations of Liberty and Equality of all citizens, would prevent the complete development of the Human Person”.

Another fundamental constitutional ruling principle repeated in most modern Democracies’ Constitutional Charts. And, same as the first one stated earlier here above, seem to be overlooked in both our newly imposed Charts. Even worse, both have re-established an urging necessity to extend Emergency Laws, nuzzled the Media and tightened its rope around the Justice neck.

So, if contrary to our charts, all modern constitutions stress on these principles, to “realize an emancipated democracy, in which the accomplished recognition for the rights of liberty is well integrated by the thorough affirmation of the principle of equality and evenness substantially, undertaken not as a simple aspiration, but as the given fundamental norm”Can you tell who’s right and who’s not?

Pass On The Word. 

Friday, 28 March 2014

The Pentagon and Egypt’s Coup.

Synthesised by: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, March 25th 2014.
On July 5th 2013, Press TV has conducted an interview with Michel Chossudovsky, Centre for Research on Globalization, Montreal about the coup d’état by the Egyptian military that has deposed the elected Morsi government after large anti-government protests arose. Here are some passages from the interview.
Ø  Asked to give his impression about the overall situation in Egypt, he said:
“It is a coup d’état in the sense that the military have intervened and they have demoted a duly elected government. I should underscore the fact that the reports confirm that the protest movement against the Muslim Brotherhood government was also directed against the United States.
In other words, the protest movement perceives the Morsi government as a proxy of the United States and in particular the Muslim Brotherhood government has accepted all the conditions, which were imposed by the International Monetary Fund upon the accession to the formation of a government – namely the application of strong economic medicine, which essentially is continuity in relation to the previous period.
It’s a structural adjustment program; it’s devastating economic reforms; and I think what’s motivated the protest movement, certainly the derogation of civil liberties, the implementation of Islamic law is an issue; but more fundamentally it is the process of impoverishment.
What we have is a continuity pertaining to these neoliberal economic reforms: massive austerity measures, rising food prices, rising unemployment and ultimately this discontent is motivated by the collapse in the standard of living and also by the hope that a new government would do something different to what the Mubarak government was doing.
The press reports suggest that the protest movement is directed against the United States and that the armed forces in a certain sense are supportive of the protest movement. I think this in many regards is a smokescreen because US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel as well as the US Chief of Staff General Martin Dempsey were in permanent liaison with the architects of the coup in the two weeks preceding the military takeover.
We should be under no illusions, the Egyptian military may have differences within its ranks, but ultimately it tows the line, it takes its orders from Washington DC.
Egypt is the largest recipient of US military aid after Israel. It is a strong ally and if they have taken this position of intervening and demoting a duly elected government, they have done it with the green light from the Pentagon.
I think it is highly unlikely that General (now FeildMarshal.. nfa) Abdul Al Sisi who is the architect of the coup d’état would have acted without consulting his counterpart namely US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel.
In fact the United States is supporting both sides and that is part of its underlying strategy. It supports the military and then it supported – it no longer supports – but it supported the Brotherhood.
And what this is leading to is a situation of internal conflict, which could lead to a process of destabilization on a much broader scale”.
Ø  To explain why the US supported Morsi, then discarded him, he stated:
“Ultimately what the United States action involved was essentially to ensure that this protest movement doesn’t get out of control and the coup d’état is ultimately intend to manipulate the protest movement and prevent the accession of a real people’s government.
Morsi was not a people’s government. It was a replacement of the Mubarak government, which in effect was following in the same path, adopting the same economic measures.
that economic model dates back to 1991. I happened to be – and this is of course beyond the scope of this interview – I happened to be in the minister of finance’s office in 1991 in Cairo at the very moment when this program was being implemented and imposed by the IMF talking to senior advisers of the government, everybody was against it, but their hands were bound”.
Ø  The most interesting part of the interview came when he tried to answer a question on whether the Egyptian Military, now in power, are willing to green-light new elections for a new civilian government. To that, he answered as follows:
“That’s a very difficult question at this stage. They may have a certain legitimacy. I don’t doubt that in Washington there is already a scenario of regime change and that scenario of regime change is there with a view to ensure continuity. But at the same time there is also a scenario of political and economic destabilization on an unprecedented scale.
But what is occurring now in the streets of Cairo is a clash between two competing political movements, both of which have been misled by the people who are pulling the strings behind the scenes. It’s worth noting that  the army, which is essentially the mouthpiece of the US military establishment stated and I quote: US Defense Secretary Hagel and US Chief of Staff General Martin Dempsey were walking a fine line expressing concern while attempting to avoid the impression that the US was manipulating events behind the scene.
My understanding is that in effect this whole process has been manipulated; the protest movement is infiltrated; many sectors of the opposition to Morsi are in fact supported by US foundations and in turn the Brotherhood is supported covertly by the United States and US intelligence”.
I believe that Mr. Chossudovsky is right about an important issue, and I quote him:
“But bear in mind: the United States is supporting both sides and their objective and their strategy is to destabilize this country as a nation-state”.

Pass On The Word.

Is the world paying today the bill for a Wrong Theory?

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, March 25th 2014.
When Bill Clinton promoted and signed NAFTA (North America Free Trade Treaty); he did not only create the world’s biggest free trade zone between USA, Canada and Mexico; but also triggered a process that imposed new rules on world economy. Today the ‘West’ is obliged to make front with its negative balance’s outcome: Unemployment, Sinking Revenues, Pollution, and Social Injustice.
GATT, gave birth to NAFTA, which gave birth to WTO (World Trade Organisation), as the mechanism to monitor and control International Trade transactions, taxes, arbitrations, insurances, shipping…etc. Its major achievement was the inclusion of China! A market that everybody in the West thought would be the ideal funnel to absorb western products! Instead, it became the top attraction for “Delocalisation.
Now, all European Labour Unions started to join forces with Environment Movements, Green Parties, Students Associations, and Anarchists to denounce the economic and financial degrade in Europe; being the direct outcome of Globalisation’s theory rules: all-out privatisation; drastic healthcare, education and welfare cuts; generating massive corporate delocalisation and unemployment soaring records.
On the other hand, we are witnessing another result to the issue: the extreme right movements and parties are overwhelmingly sweeping the world’s social and political circles. They are winning grounds everyday by any possible mean: Demagogic, Racial, Religious, Sectarian, Cultural, even Economic and Financial.
Next Wednesday, Barak Obama will be in Brussels trying to sell Ttip (Trans-Atlantic Trade & Investments Protocol) to the Western Old Economies. In an aggressive move, hoping to succeed in joining the two banks of the Atlantic into a strong economic bloc of Free Trade. He’s going armed with one ‘Ace’ and an ‘Atout’. His Ace id the TPP; or Trans-Pacific Partnership. A protocol, which opens a free trade zone for the USA and 11 states from both sides of the Pacific Ocean.
But his winning ‘Atout’ will be: Russia’s imperial ambitions’ eminent threats to Western and global stability. A new 20th century style Cold War, run by Generals. By contrast, and according to Obama, it should be countered by a well orchestrated and ruthlessly unforgiving Economic Cold War; run by Multinational Corporations and Financial Institutions.
New game! New rules! Bullets vs. bank-notes? Bombs vs. Gold? No one ever played that game before.
A ‘Czar’ and an ‘Emperor’ are playing together; and the rest of the world will stand watching, to place the betting for both hands. Of course absorbing the losses, but never cashing any winnings.
Not even the wildest of Hollywood’s fantasies could come up with a similar scam.
Pass On The World.

Wednesday, 12 March 2014

Peace and Prosperity for all.

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Castelfiorentino, March 10th 2014.
Three and a half decades ago, Bush sr. proudly declared the beginning of the “New World Order”, promising the world lasting peace and prosperity. Already we’ve lost a decade and a half of the 21st century (aka New American Century) living worse and achieving nothing.. Wars have become on every agenda’s “Order Of the Day”..  Death is everywhere.. Nations are disintegrating into tribes, cults and clans.. Maastricht, GATT and Globalisation all turned out to be the slow steady steps in the course of committing the most brilliant worldwide hustling scam ever conceived by man.. Peace.
Today, as tired and dying empires are recollecting their one last saved breathe, desperately trying to resuscitate and rise again; here is how prosperity is securing humankind:
·         Parents sell their children for a handful of crumbs.
·         Women and children became the most profiting commodity in the prostitution, slave and human parts trafficking.
·         Labour, health and education are no longer rights.
·         Freedom and Democracy are just words used by the few by which to govern the many.
Women are bartering sex for food inside Syrian refugee camps; and their men must close an eye.. Mothers in Egypt are selling anti-depressive drugs in the streets of Cairo for unscrupulous pharmacists just to make what’s almost enough for dinner.. Others are selling their minor daughters to rich old Arabs, and in Italy middle class housewives are selling their children’s’ toys!!
All are giving away their dignity along with their children’s dreams: Prosperity.
Pass On The Word.

2 Vices for 1 Goal.

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS - Montopoli, March 9th 2014
They both never seized to astonish the world. If we draw a vertical line on a sheet of paper, and try to compare their conquests* through time, we will be amazingly surprised. Or shall I say appalled?
Few days ago, the US Secretary of State had the courage to declare: “Russians are invading another country on the basis of state-of-the-art fabricated pretexts”; and he complained, like his European allies, about “violating the integrity and the territory of a Sovereign State”!!
Shortly afterwards, as if it was a green light coded sign, most of the American and European conservative newspapers and TV networks started airing and publishing opinions analysing the Soviet era invasions on ‘Sovereign States’.. Reminding:
·         1953, the Soviet tanks opposing the East Berlin workers;
·         1956, the Soviet tanks spear heading the bloody repression of the Hungarian revolution;
·         1968, the Soviet tanks suffocating the “Shy Prague Spring”.
Yet the media headings ignored the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan, because it “represents a totally different political perspective”. In addition, they agreed to qualify the Russian aggressions as “The Russian Vice for Tanks”! Nevertheless, they all have deliberately overlooked the other side of the Coin.
Ø  If the Soviet, now Russian, vice are the tanks; the Americans’ and their allies’ is the “Vice for Fighter-Bombers”. Otherwise, in 1999 long before September 11, how would anyone explain the 72 days American & Co’s bombardments on“Belgrade(producing 5500 civilian casualties); if not a the “violation of the integrity and the territory of a Sovereign State”?
Ø  What will they say about the 2001 American & Co’s invasion/occupation of Afghanistan; predominantly maintained by the excessive use of a wide range of Air Force artifacts, including the well armed and remotely guided unmanned drones?
Ø  How else to define the 2003 aggression on Iraq (160000 civilian casualties officially declared), if not the “invasion of a country on the basis of state-of-the-art fabricated pretexts” (in reference to the Arms of Mass Destruction farce of Collin Powel at the UN Security Council; or the famous 45 days Iraqi readiness to launch the Nukes of Tony Blair)?
Ø  And in 2006/2007, how could they justify the aggression on Somalia, only because its Islamic Courts have committed the unforgettable mistakes of defeating local “War Lords” and bringing order and unity among the population?
Ø  Which excuse could they furnish about the 2011 aggression on Libya? To take out a dictator, and replace him by no one knows exactly who?
If the crushing roars of the tank belts seem terrible to them; the deafening rumbling of air bombing is my horrifying nightmare.. You can stand before a tank (remember the immortal resisting citizen at the Tien Nan Men square). But, there’s nothing you can do, while sitting with your children and neighbours in a shelter, (if you’re lucky to reach it in the first place) other than listening to the whistling of a delivered bomb getting stronger in its way down, until its devastating explosion over your head.
I can tell, for I have passed through a miniature of that hell (at the time they used the 155 caliber mortar shells), back in 1975 while visiting friends in the Bekfaiyeh zone, up on the Lebanese mountain just 3 days before the burst of the Civil War.
I invite you to let your imagination grasp, if you can, the complexity of feelings and thoughts passing by your entire being, mind and body, while going through a similar experience.
Uncle Sam and the Russian Bear seem to be two bullies obsessed by a consuming desire for Imperial Grandeur. Racing one another to control the world’s resources, and even possess as much as possible – if not all – of the oxygen we all are still breathing!!
Most optimists are awaiting hopefully the rise of the Chinese Dragon. While I fear the day when the two bullies would ally together to stop the Dragon’s fast stride.
Pass On The Word.

*Conquests in every domain: political, scientific, colonial, technological, economical, space, war, even crime…etc; were all geared to achieve Hegemony. Never to satisfy human needs and render human life better. These conquests destroyed too much and built too little.

Saturday, 8 March 2014

Chauvinism and Misogyny.

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, March 8th 2014.
Today, March 8th  is “Women’s Day”. By now you should know the origin of the feast, which is not my concern here. In that day, some would offer ‘HER’ the traditional mimosa.. Some will settle for a warm hug.. Others a gift or maybe a cosy romantic dinner.. However, most women prefer outing alone, or with other women, to relax away from the consuming usual love/hate relationships. I decided to forward my best wishes to all ‘my’ women (please don’t misunderstand or misinterpret me or my intentions) this way.
Whether in New York or deep in the African deserts; collective popular conscience everywhere retain these two terms directly, and exclusively, related to ‘Masculine behaviour’. Yet, in our modern times, such understanding become totally inappropriate, even though it is rapidly growing parallel to the new sweeping tidal wave of Xenophobic Extreme Right movements energised by Fascist Nationalism, and its counterpart (maybe even ally) Religious Fascism.
Originally, as you may know, the term is due to a French soldier – Nicolas Chauvin – who fought the Napoleonic Wars and ended up badly wounded. Even after the abdication of Napoleon; Chauvin remained a fanatical Bonapartist. His single-minded blind devotion to his cause against general neglect and public harassment, allowed the term “Chauvinism” its widely spread use.
By extension, it has come to include an extreme and unreasoning partisanship on behalf of any group to which one belongs, especially when the partisanship includes ill intentions, malice and hatred towards rival groups. In addition, we find that “Male Chauvinism” is the belief that men are superior to women; which mostly is used associated with “Misogyny”: the attitude of total aversion and/or repulsion towards women.
Chauvinism, as a male superiority concept, is a classic of the ‘Jewish’ and ‘Muslim’ traditions. We can distinguish it in the Patriarchal structures in the Torah and the Koran; also like many oriental cultures and traditions do, as in India, China and Japan: where male intellectuals hold, and spouse, Misogynic views openly.
If we try to define the causes of Chauvinism, as a behaviour, we can dig them out from the 1976 Sherwyn Woods’ study about the Dynamics of Male Chauvinism. The study revealed that:
Male chauvinism was studied in the psychoanalytic therapy of 11 men. It refers to the maintenance of fixed beliefs and attitudes of male superiority, associated with overt or covert depreciation of women. Male chauvinism was found to represent an attempt to ward off anxiety and shame arising from one or more of four prime sources:
1.      unresolved infantile strivings and regressive wishes,
2.      hostile envy of women, 
3.      oedipal anxiety, and
4.      power and dependency conflicts related to masculine self-esteem.
Mothers were more important than fathers in the development of male chauvinism, and resolution was sometimes associated with decompensation in wives”.
Symmetrically, women as well started to develop a similar attitude known as “Female Chauvinism” that critics normally deliberately use in relation to certain aspects of “Feminism”. If you want to elaborate on that issue, I suggest you look for a book entitled “Female Chauvinist Pigs” written by the second-wave feminist Ariel Levy, in which she argues that many young women in the United States and beyond are replicating male chauvinism and older misogynist stereotypes.
I will not comment the issue any further.. I just want to tell every woman:
“Happy women’s day; enjoy every bit of it; and remain certain that I understand your frustration and anxiety from what you and I know for sure: Man is not superior.. Was never superior, and will never be!! If men have become what you claim to be; don’t forget that you made him that way.. He has always been your son before becoming your adopted husband, companion, friend, lover…or whatever!!”.
Pass On The Word.