The dawn must come.

The dawn must come.

Thursday, 16 October 2014

EBOLA In Brief!

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Castelfiorentini, October 13th 2014
The deadly pest has already started knocking the doors of the Nile Valley basin, even if it’s still apparently contained in the African sub-Saharan regions; therefor it is important, even imperative, to know it and to spread our findings to those whom cannot acquire such notion. It’s the least humanly moral thing to do.
First let us review some very frequent asked question about EBOLA; then I’ll try to synthesise some relevant material as simply as I can, in a way that it would turn easier for you to transmit the information and share them with everyone you know.
Ø  What is EBOLA?
EBOLA (EVD) previously known as “Ebola Virus Haemorrhagic Fever”, is a grievous disease; highly fatal having a 90% mortality rate.
Ø  How is it transmitted?
EBOLA is transmitted through direct close contact with the blood, secretions (sweat, tears, saliva, mucous..etc), tissues, organs or corporal fluids of infected individuals (humans or animals).
Ø  Who are the persons at risk of infection?
Health and sanitary operators, families or other persons in close contact with infected subjects, and persons who are in contact with the dead corps of diseased patients.
Ø  When it is not transmitted?
Ebola cannot be contracted while swimming in pools, handling money or food stuff; not even through a casual contact with a carrier that doesn’t show the symptoms.
Ø  What are the main symptoms?

Sudden improvised fever, intense weakness, muscular pains, headache, painful sour throat, vomiting, diarrhoea, renal insufficiency, hepatic internal and external haemorrhage.
The name of the disease originates from one of those first recorded outbreaks in 1976 in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of the Congo (then Zaire), which lies on the EBOLA river.
Symptoms typically start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pains, and headaches. Typically nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea follow, along with decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys. At this point, some people begin to have bleeding problems.
The EBOLA virus may be acquired upon contact with infected animals (commonly monkeys or fruit bats; it is no surprise given that both are the most common species used for biological laboratories experimental activities). However, the virus capability to spread through the air has not been documented in the natural environment. Fruit bats are believed to carry and spread the virus without being affected. Human male survivors may be able to transmit the disease via semen for nearly two months. In order to make the diagnosis, typically other diseases with similar symptoms such as Malaria, Cholera and other Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers. are first excluded. To confirm the diagnosis blood samples are tested for viral antibodies or the virus itself.
Prevention includes decreasing the spread of the disease from infected monkeys and pigs to humans. This may be done by checking such animals for infection and killing and properly disposing of the bodies if the disease is discovered. Properly cooking meat and wearing protective clothing when handling meat may also be helpful, as are wearing protective clothing and washing hands when around a person with the disease. Samples of bodily fluids and tissues from people with the disease should be handled with special caution.
Ebola virus was first isolated in 1976 during outbreaks of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Zaire and Sudan. The strain of Ebola that broke out in Zaire has one of the highest Case Fatality Rates of any other human virus, roughly 90%.
In 1990, Hazelton Research Products' Reston Quarantine Unit in Reston, Virginia, suffered a mysterious outbreak of fatal illness among a shipment of crab-eating Macaque monkeys imported from the Philippines. The company's veterinary pathologist sent tissue samples from dead animals to the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) AT Fort Detrick, Maryland, where a laboratory test known as an ELISA assay showed antibodies to EBOLA virus.
Given the lethal nature of Ebola, and since no approved vaccine or treatment is available, it is classified as a Biosafety Level 4 agent, as well as Category ’A’ Bio-Terrorism agent by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It has the potential to be turned into a weapon for use in Biological Warfare.
Pass On The Word.

No way back.

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Pisa, October 15th 2014
At this point, I fear that there will be no turning back.. We have already regressed into another Tribal Era! Just consider, and try to answer this question: in a relatively short lap of time, into how many fragments, groups, clans,  movements, cults, sects our Arab societies have been torn?
The reasons for such a division why don’t matter, because the fact remains: we have been divided FOREVER. Period. And the phenomena is worsening. Let me give you a practical example by simply analysing the latest news related to this present conflict involving the Fertile Crescent; today newspapers brought the following:
“The killers from the White Shrouds against the Black Flags of ISIL”! All the articles related to the subject explain that a new Syrian militia, (about 300 fighting units) formed from the ex-brigades that still fight Assad’s army, calling itself “The White Shrouds” (Arabic ﺃﻜﻓﺎﻦ in reference to the white cotton tissue in which Muslims wrap the dead after washing and before burial), is showing its capability of being more lethal and more cruel than the ISIL itself, by committing frequent decapitations and crucifixions against the ISIL warriors, all along the Syrian/Turkish borders.
What’s complicating the situation is the nature of each group: The White Shrouds are completely and exclusively Syrian Muslim fighters, while the ISIL militias are formed mainly by foreigners. Moreover, the White Shrouds have joint forces with other radical groups like “The Phantom Brigades” and the “Death Angels” brigades; having the same scope, they have already ambushed, killed and mutilated hundreds of the ISIL Sunni fighters. They have only one operational problem: the Western Coalition Air Raids are complicating their work!
Now, objectively speaking, when in time the dust shall settle in a year or in a century; what shall be the socio-geo-political structure of the entire region? Who will be able to unite not only Sunni to Shi’ì, but as well Hezb’Allah to Saraya Al Qods to Hamas to Fatah to the Muslim Brotherhood to Ansar Beit Al Maqdis to the White Shrouds to the Phantom Brigades to the Death Angels brigades to Al Qaeda to Boko Haram to Abu Sayyaf Brigades to the Curds to the Yazidis to the Christians to the Copts….etc???!!!
No one.. For each of these fragments will continue attracting, or recruiting, followers and supporters to form in the end a complex multitude of separated tribes in continuous conflict among each other over… Actually I don’t know exactly over what!
Do You?

Pass On The Word.

A Shy Smile for a Bright TEAR!

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, October 13th 2014.
Yesterday, most of the international news agencies did release the following: “Great Britain recognize Palestine as a Sovereign State as per a Parliamentary vote by an overwhelming majority of 274 in favour, 12 against and the abstention of the remaining members including the Prime Minister David Cameron”!
The first reading of such event (especially now as wars are roaring in and about the entire Middle East along with the much irritated uncovered nerves of both the Israelis and the Palestinians) may bring some tranquility among Arab populations and Governments. However, the British Government’s official stand cannot, and will not, change. Britain will continue sustaining the “Peace Process” between Israel and the Palestinian Authority.
In anyway, this vote is a step of an important symbolic value; because it is the first time ever that a European member of the Western Alliance, an active participant in all NATO actions around the globe, votes for the recognition of Palestine as an Independent Sovereign State.
Sure it looks good as a significant breakthrough of the Palestinian Return Centre (PRC) into the inner rooms of  British policymaking; but not everything that shines is GOLD. My reading is somewhat different.. I see a tactful political move to absorb the growing wave of Arab/Muslim anger over the Western Alliance, including the Her Majesty’s government, reluctance to intervene positively and justly in the Middle East or elsewhere in the Muslim world. In brief, Great Britain is afraid and by such a vote sends a message to ISIL and its potential new recruits on British soil.
The galactic irony lies in the paradox that on November the 2nd of 97 years ago, the very same government (only then it was His Majesty’s) promised Palestine as a “national home for the Jewish people” through the famous Foreign Office letter, forwarded to Lord Rothschild, urging him to “…bring this declaration to the Zionist Federation”! The letter that came to be known as the Balfour Declaration.
Pass On The Word.

PS: Mr. Robert John, the distinguished historian revisionist from the Institute for Historic Review, teaches us that   “attempts to review historical records impartially often reveal that blame, culpability, or dishonor are not to be attached wholly to one side in the conflicts of the last hundred years. To seek to untangle fact from propaganda is a worthy study, for it increases understanding of how we got where we are and it should help people resist exploitation by powerful and destructive interests in the present and future, by exposing their working in the past”.
Here are the text of the declaration and the original letter signed by Lord Arthur James BALFOUR.
Foreign Office
November 2nd, 1917
Dear Lord Rothschild,
I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.
"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.
Yours sincerely,

Arthur James Balfour

Thursday, 11 September 2014

Sex & Drugs and Rock & Roll.. Pumping up the GDP.

In 2010, in a drastic move to overcome a crushing economic/financial crisis, the EU has reviewed the established criterion by which to calculate its members’ GDP. Consequently, the book-keepers were able to signal a positive increase of 3.7%!!
But what that really means? It means that while ‘Numbers’ are not an opinion, ‘Balance Sheets’ are! Let me explain.. If a good slice of the 2013 seemingly positive improvement comes from a solid 1.6% of Methodological Innovations, and a significant 1.3% from the Capitalisation of Research & Development Expenses; the best contribution derives from a sound 11.5% of the so called “Submerged Economy” (previously included under Illegal Economy and labelled as Parallel Economy) which includes mainly: Drug Commercialisation, Prostitution Activities, Smuggling, Racketeering, and Tax Evasion. Once added to other introits from those activities properly classified as Illegal Economy,  we’ll have a good 12.4% of the overall GDP.
In other words, this practice would definitely meliorate the Deficit/GDP Ratio, but it will do absolutely nothing with regard to Growth. It may apparently absorb the ‘Annual Inflation’ but it shall never have an input related to ‘Real Economy’ in terms of New Jobs, Industrial Production, Exports, and Services.
So, if the new international parameters say that “the calculations that are expressing the revenue of a nation must be exhaustive” then they should also consider into account the activities banned by law. It is no longer considered as “Criminal Economy” what could be simply defined as “activities with characteristics of Voluntarily Exchange between Economic Subjects”!
A clever accountant’s balance maneuvering that may hide some symptoms, but will never be able to cure the root cause. The viral disease will continue its life cycle and mature to an extent that no treating remedy will help.. Other than amputation.

A.                  ELNAHAS – Montopoli, September 11th 2014.

Mr. President, You didn’t do your Math!

In a most depressive desperate effort to consolidate a Middle-Eastern public opinion in support of his plans to fight ISIL*, Obama made two crucial mistakes:
1)      He tried to press the cultural/religious button using statements like “We don’t have anything against Islam….” or “I understand quit well the teachings of Islam….”; and
2)      he mentioned the Yemen and Somalia examples as “an American success”!
He, and his close advisors, didn’t foresee how mediocre such an approach will sound; because the Arab/Muslim populations (being a majority in the Middle-East) though fearing the spread of a well organised well financed well equipped Islamic State, they have also seen the outcome of all types of western intervention (humanitarian aiding or belligerent gaming, training or invading) from Afghanistan and Pakistan to Iraq and Lebanon… etc.
Obviously Yemen and Somalia aren’t any different. Look what they’ve left behind!
Ahmed ELNAHAS – Castelfiorentino, September 11th 2014.

*Even changing the acronyms from ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria) to ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) is a clear evidence of a total Western under-estimation of the Arab Culture and history; because the term “Levant” was always considered, since the 11th all through the 19th centuries, the only geo-political definition of the “Fertile Crescent” (Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iraq) commonly known as AsSham. And as such the term brings back alive some very bad memories (The Sykes-Picot accords and the Paris Peace Conference of 1919).

Tuesday, 9 September 2014

Sfogo di un Dinisauro estinto, una volta era chiamato: Viaggio!

L’ospite ha ragione.. Finché si comporta da Ospite.

È questo il concetto principale che manca dal vernacolo dei “Professionisti Del Turismo” dagli anni cinquanta del secolo scoroso ad oggi. Il cosìdetto ‘Turismo di Massa’ non ha fatto e non fa altro che colonizzare un territorio, che chiama elegantemente destinazione, e sprema fino all’ultimo le sue risorse; una volta queste siano del tutto esaurite; si sposta per colonizzare un altro territorio lasciando dietro danni e distruzione incalcolabili.. Così fanno i Virus!

Scelgiere i ‘Villagi Turistici’ non è altro che uscire da casa propria per rimanaerne ostaggi.. Senza arricchirci da nessuna esperienza nuova, che sia Sportiva, Sociale, Culinare o magari Culturle.. Perché si diventa la preda sottomessa alle scelte aziendali ed interessi privati dei Tour Operator, Agenzie di viaggi, Companie Aeree, Guide, Strutture Ricettive, Animatori..

Tutti collusi a offrire i loro migliori trucchi per farci credere che il turismo è solo e soltanto divertimento senza impegni; e mantenerci dentro il villaggio a spennachiarci, mentre faciamo esattamente ciò che interessa a loro.. Infine torniamo di nuovo a casa esattamente come l’abbiamo lasciata.. Senza soldi, e neanche senza rendersi conto di aver pagato così tanto per non imparare il vero senso del Co-Esistere!

Ho sempre optato per il ‘Turismo di Qualità’.. Quello dei “Viaggiatori” per intenderci.. Dove tu non sei solamente un numero ma una persona con i propri esigenze, aspettative, gusti e cultura; e dove tutti gli altri pseudo-professionisti della tua esperinza evasiva fanno di tutto per personalizzarela nel quadro dell’autenticità veritiera del posto scelto da te.. Autenticità culturale, sociale, ecologica, culinare, storica, sportiva, e perfino estetica.
Dove le escurzioni non sono: gite, cammellate, o snorchelate… Ma più che altro “Visite”.. Dove un “Te Nel Deserto” non sia uno spettacolo folklorico o un passa tempo a pagamento; ma diventa un esperienza seria, e allo stesso tempo avventurosa e divertente, di scambio per aiutarci a realizzare come condividiamo le stesse origini e lo stesso destino.
Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, 2 Settembre 2014.

Thursday, 4 September 2014

Seeds Savers.

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS – Montopoli, September 1st 2014.
Have you ever questioned the origin of the vegetables, fruits, cereals and legumes we are eating? To give you an answer, I translated here the article of Domenico Finiguerra published on Il Fatto Quotidiano. If you decide to read it; I invite you, once finished reading, to ask yourself:
1.      For how long we’ve been buying and eating products made from crossbreed seeds, chemical fertilisers, chemical pesticides and uncontrolled waters?
2.      What was the impact on my health and that of my children?
3.      Who is responsible?
4.      What to do about that?
If you ask a metropolitan citizen how many vegetables he knows, he would give you a list of maximum twenty items, and that would be a perfect answer: “tomato, sweet pepper, zucchini, egg-plant, carrot, potato, salad, onion…”. Very few with regard to the enormous variety which slowly we have lost. Lost consciously, even intentionally.
In 1970(*),the European Union experts started their valuations on which seeds to include and which to exclude from a bureaucratic register; they ended up striking out and declaring “Illegal” 1500 varieties of vegetables and fruits!!! Cancelled from the list of the seeds allowed for sale! Why? Simple.. Being deprived from a documented ownership (patent), those seeds are of no benefit whatsoever to the monstrous ‘Agro-Industrial Multi-Nationals’. Thus, an entire heritage of human farming civilization is being systematically abandoned making a great favour to those who, even back then, were looking far ahead.
The tomatoes present on our tables that we eat along with our children, are crossbreeds; that a farmer cannot re-seed. So, each year he is forced to rebuy the seeds from the Multi-Nationals that we all know (Monsanto on top).
A great damage. In fact, it is scientifically demonstrated and proved, that the old (abandoned) varieties possess more vitamins, proteins, starches and complex sugars as well as natural hormones.. They also have more intense and richer taste. In short, they are much better. Moreover, the traditional plants are more resistant and robust than others; as such they do not necessitate chemical substances to mature. And for last, the traditional variations of vegetables are (were?) “Bio-diversities”: precious resources selected throughout millenniums of human agriculture experience. They are the historical and biological memory of agriculture.
It appears evident to any man with common sense that walling, or even worse abolishing, those seeds is illogic and anti-historic. As much evident it is the fact that only very few powerful individuals (owners and proprietors of registered seeds patents) are keeping under strict control (and blackmail) all the farmers of our planet.
Fortunately, some resistance do exist. The “Seeds Savers” though dispersed around the world, yet are structuring several ‘Seed Banks’.. Geminating an agriculture revolution.. Vandana Shiva is one of those.
In Italy, they have “Civiltà Contadina” (literally ‘Country-side Civilisation’.. For more info consult, a group of vigilant farmers dedicating all their efforts to work silently as the custodians to save and share seeds of various vegetables, cereals and legumes inherited from the traditional Italian agriculture. Their efforts are building up and the association is acquiring more consensus, support and volunteers every day; having a common goal “ that our heritage do not vanish and our traditions do not extinct, and that we can pass on to future generations”.
It would be a good practice to participate all in such a mission.. Our children will be grateful to us.
Pass On the Word.
*The GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), formed in 1949 to establish the regulations for international global trade, and to give birth to the ITO (Int’l Trade Organisation) later on becoming the WTO (World Trade Organisation); among its rules are those regulating the “Intellectual Property” under which came the obligations for patents to the seed property. 

Thursday, 28 August 2014

Modern Man is So Confused!

By: Ahmed ELNAHAS (From Marco Travaglio’s editorial of August 21st 2014).
In 1979, when the Soviet armed forces invaded Afghanistan (no one really remembers why); the Americans and their western allies rushed to arm and finance the Mujahedin, whom at the time considered the “Partisans for a just cause, the resistance to the Red Army”
After the Soviet army made its exit  out from the country, the Americans and their western allies attacked Afghanistan, having for excuse to “fight Al Qaeda after the fall of the Twin Towers” (which had nothing to do with Taliban or Al Qaeda, the Saudis did it); so the Afghan Mujahedin used the remains of the western funds and arms to defend themselves against another invasion, thus became “Terrorists”.
Result: instead of bringing democracy to Kabul, the western forced have delivered Afghanistan to the Taliban.
A little further, between 1980 and 1988, a fierce war burst in the Gulf area between Iran of the Shia Ayatollah and Iraq of the dictatorship of the laic but pro-Sunni Saddam Hussein. Of course, and once again the Americans and their western allies financed and armed Iraq to the teeth to stand against the “Iranian Terrorists”; closing both eyes when Saddam exterminated Iraqi Kurds in cahoots with Turkey a western ally in NATO (using the supplied western weapons including chemical and biological WMD).
In 1990, after hustling him into Kuwait, the Americans and their western allies decided that Saddam is a “Terrorist”; thus mounted up a coalition including almost all the Arab League members into a “Just War” against Iraq.
Later on in 2003 they re-attacked (invaded) Iraq, this time to: a) eliminate its arsenal of Weapons of Mass Destructions (initially supplied by the Americans and their western allies; and never found any trace of it); b) to cut Saddam’s ties with Bin Laden (never proven existent, eventually both Saddam and Bin Laden were sentenced to death in turn); c) remove Saddam, d) hang Saddam; and e) even bring democracy to Iraq.
The results materialising from of the “Forced Democratisation” of Iraq are well noted: the Shiites raised their heads unleashing the demons of a fierce long civil war against the Sunnites, and, by effect of a contagious infection, Syria exploded in a systematic exterminations ordered by “Assad the Tyrant”.
A multiple collateral effect: the birth of the “Islamic Caliphate” in Syria and Northern Iraq, commonly baptised ‘ISIS’, a ‘Foreign Legion’ of 30 thousand men recruited amongst the most extremist of extremist Sunnites in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Somalia and Europe; ferocious against all other religious confessions: Christians, Jews, Shiites, Kurds and Yasidis. And what to do to defend those? Here came the brilliant idea “The Americans and their western allies must arm them against those whom the Americans and their western allies have previously armed and never cared to disarm”!
Remember Abdullah Öcalan? The Kurdish leader of the “Turkish Kurds Independence Party”, whom in 1998 got extradited from Russia to land in Italy first welcomed by its Socialist Government to which he officially demanded ‘Political Asylum’ , and later on, under American and Turkish pressures, earned the lable ‘Terrorist’ and once more got expedited to Kenya where he was captured by Turkish agents, imprisoned and sentenced to death, later on switched to life sentence.
Then came another counter-order: Kurds are no longer terrorists, but once again “Freedom Fighters” (at least those Iraqis, for the Turkish Kurds no-body knows yet). They must be armed, financed, trained and supported; but in anyway forget about the “Humanitarian Aids” bit.
In the meantime, the Americans and their western allies have converted the status of Iraq to “non-priority to cooperation for development”! No food, or medicines, or funds, or hospitals, or reconstruction projects.. Only arms.
The policies of the Americans and their western allies in the Middle East recall the Italian rhyme of Branduardi “La fiera dell’Est” (literally The Fair of the East); if translated become like this:
“and came the water that extinguished that fire the burnt the stick that hit the dog that bit the cat that ate the mouse that, at the market, my father bought”!!
Pass On The Word.

Friday, 22 August 2014

Confused values.

Arrogance.. Envy.. Murder.. Treason.. Theft.. Usury.. Adultery.. Gluttony.. Greed.. Avarice.. Vanity.. Lust.. Gossip.. Slander.. Extortion.. Rape.. Cheat.. Lie.. And many other characteristics that are normally presented by the principle pedagogic institutions (family, school, religion) to show us exactly the “Wrong” or “Evil” to be placed  under the headings ‘Not To Do’ or the ‘Not To Be’. They are all considered “Villainies” by which we can classify people, in order to distinguish ‘Good’ from ‘Bad’ and decide accordingly how or where to place them in our lives.
However, and for some mysterious incomprehensive reason, we have accepted these very same wrong and evil villainies and have somehow allowed their legitimate practicing to States.. To Governments.. To Politicians.. To Artists.. Or whomever may please us. Only to justify our moral fragility. Or maybe even to convince ourselves ‘Bad’ isn’t that bad; so that doing a little evil for a greater good is OK! Forgetting that what seem so little today is destined to grow bigger tomorrow; and shall swallow the Greater Good we thought it had procured in the first place.
That is the point at which, if some moral vigilance still reside, we may realise how our fundamental moral values have completely mutated into their precise opposite. Whereas wrong became right, evil overturned into good and villainy welcomed as politeness or even kindness.
The moment we’ve accepted and allowed these, by such indifference as exhibited today and without reservations or resentments, is the moment to declare the glorious victory of Barbarism and the clamorous defeat of Humanity.
Let us then align altogether patiently in a fine long queue to sign in turn the golden book of our unconditional surrender. And don’t dare to complaint because you’ve traded your fundamental Human Values for a Tablet and a 3D Dolby Surround Home Theatre.

Forgive me for I have exaggerated.. You’ve traded them for a miserable 2nd hand 10 pounds cell phone.
Pass On The Word.

Balance Sheet of an exercise of governance.

The nature and the programme of the July 1952 Revolution (Coup) were expressed in the famous “Six Principles” set forth by Nasser:
1.      Liberation of the country from colonialism and its network of agents; 
2.      liquidation of feudalism;
3.      elimination of the rule of capital over state power; 
4.      establishment of social justice;
5.      creation of a national army; and
6.      democratisation of Egypt’s internal life.
After 60 years of Military rule, who can tell which of these principles has really and fully went to port? Let us review them one by one.
       I.            Nasser may have succeeded to free Egypt from foreign occupation by signing the evacuation agreement with the British; but he contrasted his own principles by handing over the country first to Soviets (the High Dam), then lost Sinai to Israel. And his followers delivered Egypt as an easy prey to the jaws of international Financial Institutions ( loans + SAPs), to the USA (Technical Assistance + Military aids…Etc) and to Israel (uneven commercial and industrial treaties).
    II.            The 1960s revolutionary laws to limit the land-ownerships and to redistribute properties, overlooked the negative aspects presented in the fact that it created one major Feudal Patron (the state), delegating his responsibilities to too many bailiffs; thus forming an army of parasites working on behalf of the state owned Agriculture Credit Banks. And the farmers (turned into owners of very small lands) became more indebted than before which lead most of them to migrate (Remember the forced emigration to Iraq in the late 60s?). Adding official corruption and wrong politics with mismanaging water resources, Egypt reached the phase where it couldn’t decide on its own which crops to cultivate ( deterioration of the cotton business, the wheat, the rice…etc). Even today there are many (Egyptians and none) who became land-owners of more than 10000 acres, recruiting under aged boys and girls to work part time in inhuman environments, exposed to cancer provoking chemicals with no health care whatsoever! Worse than before 1952.
 III.            Right after Nasser’s death, Egypt opened completely to the Free Market while on paper (constitution) it was still considered a Social State. That created a chaotic management of the Public Sector which has lead to substantial losses and gave room to the debtors to present their conditions of Privatisation to protect their “Interests”. (Khedive Tewfik was criticised by the Revolutionary Hierarchies of doing exactly the same).
  IV.            The long history marked by Police abuse of force and power over citizens (subjects) from Shaarawy Gomaa to Nabil Badr passing by Mamdouh Salem and many others, are testimonials of an era signed by the total absence of Social Justice.. On the other hand, there are still 80% of the population out from the Social Security Umbrella (No Welfare at all). Needless to say any word on Education, Health, Information, Culture  or Justice.
     V.            As a matter of fact, only the fifth principle did partially materialise, yet not totally in full because our armed forces, though have proved skilful and modern, were never logistically allowed to stand head to head with other regional powers like Israel, Iran, Iraq or Turkey. Until today, our weaponry is still at least one step behind, is defensive, is controlled by foreign inspections to determine its developing.(Pentagon and NATO Liaison Officers) under the pretext of monitoring the right appliance of the Military growth to the Aids objectives and time tables.
As for the last principle, I believe that the latest events of the past two years are sufficient enough to mark the degree of our Democratic achievements.. After 60  long Years, full of sacrifices.